Ulcerative Colitis in Denver, CO
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What is ulcerative colitis?
Ulcerative colitis is an individual part of a much larger grouping of conditions called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The condition causes painful swelling and ulcerations within your gastrointestinal (GI) tract, usually the large intestine. Ulcerative colitis differs from Crohn's disease (the alternate form of IBD), as it is restricted to the colon. Crohn's disease, alternately, is almost always experienced at the end of the small bowel and at the beginning of the colon, but has been known to involve any part of the gastrointestinal system from the mouth to the anus. Additionally, ulcerative colitis impacts only the inner lining of the colon, whereas Crohn’s disease can impact the whole of the bowel wall.
Those who have been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis commonly deal with painful gastrointestinal troubles which interfere with their everyday lives. At Colorado Gastroenterology, our board-certified GI doctors routinely identify and treat ulcerative colitis, and collaborate with people to assist in providing relief from its symptoms. To get help for ulcerative colitis in Denver, CO, we implore you to reach out to our office as soon as possible.
Are there multiple kinds of ulcerative colitis?
There exist several unique varieties of ulcerative colitis that are typically organized by location:
Ulcerative proctitis: The inflammation of an individual's colon is confined to the rectum and is commonly the least severe type of ulcerative colitis. A tell-tale sign of having ulcerative proctitis is bleeding from the rectum.
Left-sided colitis: Swelling is more widely found through more of the colon and may impact areas beyond the rectum, but is confined to all or part of the sigmoid and descending colon. It often causes troubling symptoms, some of which could include diarrhea containing blood and unintended loss of weight.
Pancolitis: This type of ulcerative colitis is also known as extensive colitis and might involve the entire colon. Symptoms can include extreme bloody diarrhea, serious abdominal pain, and fatigue.
Acute severe ulcerative colitis: This is a more unusual variety of ulcerative colitis that affects the complete colon. Its symptoms can include severe pain and the loss of the ability to eat. The condition often requires hospitalization and is known to have an increased risk of surgery.
To learn more about the types of multiple ulcerative colitis, contact our gastrointestinal specialists at Colorado Gastroenterology.
What causes ulcerative colitis?
The specific reason for the development of ulcerative colitis is still a mystery. However, there are certain factors that seem to increase the manifestation of ulcerative colitis and its symptoms.
- Genetics: One can inherit genes from their parents that elevate the chance of developing ulcerative colitis.
- Immune system: It is presumed that viruses or internal bacteria could initiate the occurrence of ulcerative colitis. In the event that a virus or bacteria enters the digestive tract, your body enlists your immune system to fight the bacteria or virus. When this happens, your body releases white blood cells to the colon and they then attack non-problematic tissue and cells. Consequentially your colon, or large intestine, becomes inflamed.
Risk factors for ulcerative colitis
A few of the complicating factors associated with suffering from ulcerative colitis may include:
- Age: Ulcerative colitis usually presents before 30 years of age.
- Race or ethnicity: People of Ashkenazi Jewish descent and Caucasians appear to be at higher likelihood of suffering from ulcerative colitis (still the condition can affect anyone)
- Family history: If a relative suffers with ulcerative colitis, you may have a higher risk of suffering from the disease.
What are the common symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
The majority of symptoms associated with ulcerative colitis develop slowly, and they range from subtle to overwhelming. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis often include:
Pain in the abdomen
Bloody diarrhea with pus
Sudden weight loss
Sores in the mouth
Normal menstrual cycle disruption
Pain or drainage near or around the anus
In the case that you ever see blood in your stool, we urge you to make contact with your doctor or another specialist in Denver, CO at once. You should see a gastroenterologist should you suffer from any of the aforementioned symptoms or a combination of symptoms on a regular basis. The board-certified gastroenterologists at Colorado Gastroenterology are here to offer you skilled care for ulcerative colitis and can assist in the treatment and management of these concerns in our Denver, CO office.
How do you treat ulcerative colitis?
The ultimate objectives of ulcerative colitis treatments at Colorado Gastroenterology in Denver, CO are to control the swelling that instigates your symptoms and thereby achieve remission of the condition. Ongoing treatment includes but is not limited to screening for cancer, as suffering from ulcerative colitis positions you at an elevated risk for developing colon cancer. The main divisions of ulcerative colitis treatments are listed below:
Antibiotics: Antibiotics have been shown to help destroy bacteria known to cause the abnormal immune system reflex that leads to inflammation. These are not a mainstay of therapy, but could be administered in coordination with other therapies.
Anti-inflammatory drugs: Anti-inflammatory medicines utilized to treat ulcerative colitis are oral 5-aminosalicylates and corticosteroids. Corticosteroids help decrease swelling in the body and may be administered along with immune system suppressants. Oral 5-aminosalicylates can also work to reduce inflammation in the body.
Additional supplements and medications could be suggested to help control and manage ulcerative colitis symptoms. These may include:
- Shots of vitamin B-12
- Iron supplements
- Vitamin D and calcium supplementation
Long-term anti-inflammatory therapies: This type of therapy addresses our body’s abnormal immune response to viruses and bacteria. The immunosuppressant meds your Denver, CO gastroenterologist might prescribe include:
Diet and nutrition: Your Denver, CO gastrointestinal doctor may suggest a unique food plan to help relieve symptoms and jump-start remission.
Surgery: In severe situations, surgical intervention might be needed to remove a portion of, or the entirety of, the rectum or colon.
Find help for ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis has the ability to impact your general comfort and your digestive health. With specialized treatment, however, one can manage the condition and better your quality of life. Whether you are in the midst of the initial symptoms or dealing with ulcerative colitis issues post-remission, the GI doctors at Colorado Gastroenterology can provide you with personalized care choices to help you find relief. To find an ulcerative colitis specialist in Denver, CO, please reach out to our office today.
The nurse was SO funny and friendly, all of the people working in the office were sweet and helpful, and the doctor was so informative. I felt listened to and felt like I really understood the full extent of the processes I was going to go through.
Amazing Group and Dr. Brenner!
Very knowledgeable doctor. He also took his time listening to my concerns and was patience. I'm very satisfied with my visit. Thank you
Very thorough and informative. Helps me understand and teaches me why something is happening in my body.
Very pleasant visit. The steps to diagnose my condition were explained to me and I felt quite comfortable with this doctor.